Experimental Brain Research

, Volume 210, Issue 3, pp 423–436

Intrinsic membrane properties of central vestibular neurons in rodents

  • Daniel Eugène
  • Erwin Idoux
  • Mathieu Beraneck
  • L. E. Moore
  • Pierre-Paul Vidal
Review

DOI: 10.1007/s00221-011-2569-3

Cite this article as:
Eugène, D., Idoux, E., Beraneck, M. et al. Exp Brain Res (2011) 210: 423. doi:10.1007/s00221-011-2569-3

Abstract

Numerous studies in rodents have shown that the functional efficacy of several neurotransmitter receptors and the intrinsic membrane excitability of central vestibular neurons, as well as the organization of synaptic connections within and between vestibular nuclei can be modified during postnatal development, after a lesion of peripheral vestibular organs or in vestibular-deficient mutant animals. This review mainly focuses on the intrinsic membrane properties of neurons of the medial vestibular nuclei of rodents, their postnatal maturation, and changes following experimental or congenital alterations in vestibular inputs. It also presents the concomitant modifications in the distribution of these neurons into different neuron types, which has been based on their membrane properties in relation to their anatomical, biochemical, or functional properties. The main points discussed in this review are that (1) the intrinsic membrane properties can be used to distinguish between two dominant types of neurons, (2) the system remains plastic throughout the whole life of the animal, and finally, (3) the intracellular calcium concentration has a major effect on the intrinsic membrane properties of central vestibular neurons.

Keywords

Vestibular neuron Intrinsic membrane properties Postnatal development Labyrinthectomy Mutant animals Intracellular calcium 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Eugène
    • 1
  • Erwin Idoux
    • 1
  • Mathieu Beraneck
    • 1
  • L. E. Moore
    • 1
  • Pierre-Paul Vidal
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre d’Etudes de la SensoriMotricité (CESeM), UMR 8194, CNRSUniversité Paris DescartesParis cedex 06France