Experimental Brain Research

, Volume 189, Issue 2, pp 189–197

Spacing practice sessions across days earlier rather than later in training improves performance of a visuomotor skill

Research Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00221-008-1414-9

Cite this article as:
Goedert, K.M. & Miller, J. Exp Brain Res (2008) 189: 189. doi:10.1007/s00221-008-1414-9


Our goal was to determine whether the extent of off-line performance improvements on a visuomotor task depends on the amount of practice individuals experience prior to a 24-h between-session break. Subjects completed ten trials of a mirror-tracing task over two days. On Day 1, subjects experienced either one, three or seven trials. Twenty-four hours later subjects completed the remainder of the ten trials. Despite experiencing an equivalent number of total training trials, subjects experiencing the 24-h delay after one or three trials demonstrated off-line performance improvements, but those experiencing the delay after seven trials did not. Furthermore, the one- and three-trial groups reached a superior level of performance by the end of training relative to the seven-trial group.


Psychological adaptationMemoryMotor skillPractice

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologySeton Hall UniversitySouth OrangeUSA
  2. 2.Miami UniversityOxfordUSA