Experimental Brain Research

, Volume 153, Issue 4, pp 628–636

Audiovisual mirror neurons and action recognition


DOI: 10.1007/s00221-003-1603-5

Cite this article as:
Keysers, C., Kohler, E., Umiltà, M.A. et al. Exp Brain Res (2003) 153: 628. doi:10.1007/s00221-003-1603-5


Many object-related actions can be recognized both by their sound and by their vision. Here we describe a population of neurons in the ventral premotor cortex of the monkey that discharge both when the animal performs a specific action and when it hears or sees the same action performed by another individual. These 'audiovisual mirror neurons' therefore represent actions independently of whether these actions are performed, heard or seen. The magnitude of auditory and visual responses did not differ significantly in half the neurons. A neurometric analysis revealed that based on the response of these neurons, two actions could be discriminated with 97% accuracy.


Audiovisual mirror neurons Action recognition Object-related actions Ventral premotor cortex Monkey Neurometric analysis 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeuroscienceUniversità di ParmaParmaItaly
  2. 2.Department of MathematicsUniversità di FerraraFerraraItaly
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyUniversità di ParmaParmaItaly