Fredholm Determinants and the Statistics of Charge Transport
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- Avron, J.E., Bachmann, S., Graf, G.M. et al. Commun. Math. Phys. (2008) 280: 807. doi:10.1007/s00220-008-0449-x
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Using operator algebraic methods we show that the moment generating function of charge transport in a system with infinitely many non-interacting Fermions is given by a determinant of a certain operator in the one-particle Hilbert space. The formula is equivalent to a formula of Levitov and Lesovik in the finite dimensional case and may be viewed as its regularized form in general. Our result embodies two tenets often realized in mesoscopic physics, namely, that the transport properties are essentially independent of the length of the leads and of the depth of the Fermi sea.