, Volume 223, Issue 6, pp 737-741
Date: 03 Feb 2006

Effects of cultivation area and year on proximate composition and antinutrients in three different kabuli-type chickpea (Cicer arientinum) varieties

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Abstract

Three different varieties of kabuli-type chickpeas were cultivated in three different cultivation areas and for two years. An evaluation was carried out to see the effect of year, of variety and cultivation area on the nutritional value of chickpeas i.e. the proximate composition, the sugars (starch, non-starch polysaccharides, rafinose series oligosaccharides and sucrose) and tannins and phytic acid contents. The cultivation area, the cultivation year and the plant variety, as well as their interactions significantly affect the composition and the sugars contents in chickpea. High proportion of the total variation for all studied parameters explained by the main effects of variety indicates a significant heritability for them. Cultivation area was found to have a significant effect on starch contents, RSO, tannins and phytic acid. Year was found to affect fat contents, NSP and sucrose contents. Rainfall is the climate characteristic that may be responsible for these year-dependent differences.