European Food Research and Technology

, Volume 215, Issue 3, pp 204–209

Oil composition of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) fruit-seeds

  • Mohamed Ramadan
  • Jörg-Thomas Mörsel
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00217-002-0537-7

Cite this article as:
Ramadan, M. & Mörsel, JT. Eur Food Res Technol (2002) 215: 204. doi:10.1007/s00217-002-0537-7


Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) seeds were extracted with chloroform/methanol (2:1, v/v) and the amount of total lipid was 28.4% of seed weight. The major fatty acid was petroselinic acid (65.7% of the total fatty acid methyl esters) followed by linoleic acid. Chromatography on a silica column with solvent of increasing polarity yielded 93.0% neutral lipids, 4.14% glycolipids, and 1.57% phospholipids. Thin-layer chromatography on silica gel was used to obtain major neutral lipid subclasses. Fatty acid profile of neutral lipid subclasses, triacylglycerols, and sterol content were determined using gas-liquid chromatography. Six triacylglycerol molecular species were detected but one component (C54:3) corresponding to tripetroselinin, and/or dipetroselinoyl oleoyl glycerol comprised more than 50% of the total triacylglycerols. Sterol content was estimated to be at a high level (5186 µg g–1 oil). Stigmasterol, β-sitosterol, Δ5-avenasterol, and campesterol were found to be the sterol markers. Phospholipid subclasses were separated by high-performance liquid chromatography on a silica column by gradient elution from isooctane/2-propanol (6:8, v/v) to isooctane/2-propanol/water (6:8:0.6, v/v/v) with detection at 205 nm. The major individual phospholipid subclasses were phosphatidylcholine followed by phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, and phosphatidylserine.

Coriandrum sativum L. Coriander Petroselinic acid Lipid classes Triacylglycerols Sterols Phospholipids

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Ramadan
    • 1
  • Jörg-Thomas Mörsel
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Food Chemistry, Technical University of Berlin, TIB 4/3–1, Gustav-Meyer-Allee 25, 13355 Berlin, Germany