Interlaboratory comparison study for the determination of the Fusarium mycotoxins deoxynivalenol in wheat and zearalenone in maize using different methods
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- Schuhmacher, R., Krska, R., Weingaertner, J. et al. Fresenius J Anal Chem (1997) 359: 510. doi:10.1007/s002160050622
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Seventeen laboratories from six different countries, using their usual in-house methods, participated in an interlaboratory comparison test for the determination of the Fusarium mycotoxins deoxynivalenol (DON) in wheat and zearalenone (ZON) in maize. The toxins generally were extracted from maize and wheat employing mixtures of water, acidified water with an organic solvent or even pure water (for DON). While participants who used enzyme linked immuno sorbent assays (ELISA) for the determination of DON did not perform any clean-up, various techniques were applied for the purification of raw extracts (e.g. liquid/liquid extraction, solid phase extraction (SPE), immuno affinity chromatography (IAC)). For the final separation/quantification step either high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) (mostly for ZON), gas chromatography (GC) (for DON) or ELISA were employed by participants. The aim of this study was to obtain information about the state of the art of mycotoxin analysis in cereals and to support a knowledge and experience exchange between the participating laboratories in the field of mycotoxin analysis. For each mycotoxin 5 different sample types were distributed, standard solutions (10.10 μg/ml ZON in methanol, 10.09 μg/ml DON in ethyl acetate), blank materials, spiked samples (75.1 μg/kg and 378.3 μg/kg ZON in maize, 126.2 μg/kg and 2519 μg/kg DON in wheat) and naturally contaminated maize and wheat. Coefficients of variation (CV) between laboratory mean results (outliers excluded) ranged from 6.2 to 27.7% for ZON and from 18.9 to 30.0% for DON. Except for the maize samples spiked at 75.1 μg/kg ZON the overall means (outliers rejected) statistically could not be distinguished from the respective target values. Average recoveries of the reported results ranged from 87.7 to 96.2% for ZON and from 94.2 to 108.5% for DON.