, Volume 398, Issue 7-8, pp 2789-2801
Date: 09 Sep 2010

Profiling of hydroxycinnamic acid amides in Arabidopsis thaliana pollen by tandem mass spectrometry

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Phenylpropanoid polyamine conjugates are widespread in plant species. Their presence has been established in seeds, flower buds, and pollen grains. A biosynthetic pathway proposed for hydroxycinnamoyl spermidine conjugates has been suggested for the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana with a central acyl transfer reaction performed by a BAHD-like hydroxycinnamoyl transferase. A detailed liquid chromatography (LC)–electrospray ionization–mass spectrometry- and tandem-mass-spectrometry (MS/MS)-based survey of wild-type and spermidine hydroxycinnamoyl transferase (SHT) mutants identified more than 30 different bis- and tris-substituted spermidine conjugates, five of which were glycosylated, in the methanol-soluble fraction of the pollen exine. On the basis of characterized fragmentation patterns, a high-throughput LC–MS/MS method for highly sensitive HCAA relative quantification (targeted profiling) was developed. Only minor qualitative and quantitative differences in the pattern of bis-acyl spermidine conjugates in the SHT mutant compared to wild-type plants provide strong evidence for the presence of multiple BAHD-like acyl transferases and suggest a much more complex array of enzymatic steps in the biosynthesis of these conjugates than previously anticipated.

Published in the special issue Mass Spectrometry (DGMS 2010) with Guest Editors Andrea Sinz and Jürgen Schmidt