Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 397, Issue 7, pp 2631–2646

Applications of Raman spectroscopy to gemology


DOI: 10.1007/s00216-010-3700-1

Cite this article as:
Bersani, D. & Lottici, P.P. Anal Bioanal Chem (2010) 397: 2631. doi:10.1007/s00216-010-3700-1


Being nondestructive and requiring short measurement times, a low amount of material, and no sample preparation, Raman spectroscopy is used for routine investigation in the study of gemstone inclusions and treatments and for the characterization of mounted gems. In this work, a review of the use of laboratory Raman and micro-Raman spectrometers and of portable Raman systems in the gemology field is given, focusing on gem identification and on the evaluation of the composition, provenance, and genesis of gems. Many examples are shown of the use of Raman spectroscopy as a tool for the identification of imitations, synthetic gems, and enhancement treatments in natural gemstones. Some recent developments are described, with particular attention being given to the semiprecious stone jade and to two important organic materials used in jewelry, i.e., pearls and corals.

Pictures of a pyrope-almandine garnet and of a needle-shaped inclusion. The Raman spectrum of the inclusion is characteristic of rutile


Raman spectroscopyGemsMineralsJadePearlsCorals

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di FisicaUniversità di ParmaParmaItaly