, Volume 394, Issue 1, pp 95-105
Date: 12 Mar 2009

Electrochemical quantification of reactive oxygen and nitrogen: challenges and opportunities

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Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) play a crucial role in chemical signaling processes of biological cells. Electrochemistry is one of the rare methods able to directly detect these species. ROS and RNS can be monitored in the local microenvironment of cells in real time at the site where the actual signaling takes place. This review presents recent advances made with amperometric electrochemical techniques. Existing challenges for the quantification of ROS and RNS in biological systems are discussed to promote the development of innovative and reliable cell-based assays.

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Figure

Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS & RNS) are produced biological cells. An amperometric sensor is placed in close proximity. The recorded current I is used to determine fluxes of certain species.