, Volume 394, Issue 4, pp 1117-1124
Date: 09 Jan 2009

MicroRNA detection by microarray

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small noncoding RNAs ∼22 nt in length that regulate gene expression and play fundamental roles in multiple biological processes, including cell differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis as well as disease processes. The study of miRNA has thus become a rapidly emerging field in life science. The detection of miRNA expression is a very important first step in miRNA exploration. Several methodologies, including cloning, northern blotting, real-time RT-PCR, microRNA arrays and ISH (in situ hybridization), have been developed and applied successfully in miRNA profiling. This review discusses the main existing microRNA detection technologies, while emphasizing microRNA arrays.