Compositional analysis of Tuscan glass samples: in search of raw material fingerprints
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- Cagno, S., Janssens, K. & Mendera, M. Anal Bioanal Chem (2008) 391: 1389. doi:10.1007/s00216-008-1945-8
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SEM-EDX quantitative analyses were performed on 91 samples of vessel glass originating from a number of sites throughout Tuscany. A comparison with Venetian glass data is made in order to evaluate differences in glassmaking materials. The compositions of the samples provide clues about the different raw materials used in relation to recipes that changed slightly during the period covering the late Middle Ages to early Renaissance. Two kinds of ash used as a fluxing agent were identified, one of which is of east Mediterranean origin while the other is likely to be Spanish. Two types of silica sources were also found. One of these was recognized as being quartziferous river pebbles, while the other is proposed to be local sand.