A novel fluorescence-based optical platform for the interrogation of an optical biochip was designed and developed. The optical biochip was made of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) formed by two pieces of PMMA appropriately shaped in order to obtain four microchannels that are 500-μm wide and 400-μm high. The lower part includes the microchannels and the inlet and outlet for the fluidics, while the sensing biolayer was immobilized on the upper part. The optical signal comprised the fluorescence emitted by the biolayer, which was anisotropically coupled to the PMMA cover and suitably guided by the PMMA chip. The potentiality of the optical chip as a biosensor was investigated by means of a direct IgG/anti-IgG interaction carried out inside the flow channels. The mouse-IgG was covalently immobilized on the internal wall of the PMMA cover, and the Cy5-labelled anti-mouse IgG was used for the specific interaction. Several chemical treatments of the PMMA surface were investigated, poly(L-lactic acid), Eudragit L100 and NaOH, in order to obtain the most effective distribution of carboxylic groups useful for the covalent immobilisation of the mouse-IgG. The treatment with Eudragit L100 was found to be the most successful. Limits of detection and quantification of 0.05 μg mL−1 and 0.2 μg mL−1, respectively, were obtained with the configuration described.