, Volume 387, Issue 1, pp 137-140
Date: 09 Nov 2006

Reporting results of biomonitoring studies

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Introduction

Exposure to environmental chemicals is thought to play a role in the development of adverse health outcomes, for example breast cancer, asthma, allergies, spontaneous abortion, and infertility [13]. Critical assessment of the literature reveals the association between exposure to environmental contaminants and health effects to be weak or moderate, in large part because the extent of exposure has not been measured [46]. There is, therefore, a need for studies designed to assess exposure to environmental contaminants and to monitor changes in exposure over time. Although it is appreciated that quantification of an environmental contaminant in a person’s blood or urine does not mean that the chemical causes disease, members of the public perceive that any exposure is unacceptable and associated with adverse effects on their health. Communication of potential health effects arising from exposure measured in biomonitoring studies is, therefore, a real challenge for scientists