Antibody binding to bovine serum albumin (BSA) and human serum albumin (HSA) immobilized onto gold nanoparticles was studied by means of localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) spectroscopy. Amine-modified glass was prepared by self-assembly of amine-terminated silane on substrate, and gold (Au) nanoparticles were deposited on the amine-modified glass substrate. Au nanoparticles deposited on the glass surface were functionalized by BSA and HSA. BSA immobilization was confirmed by LSPR spectroscopy in conjunction with surface-enhanced Raman scattering spectroscopy. Then, LSPR response attributable to the binding of anti-BSA and anti-HSA to BSA- and HSA-functionalized Au nanoparticles, respectively, was examined. Anti-HSA at levels larger than ∼10 nM could be detected by HSA-immobilized chips with LSPR optical response, which was saturated at concentrations greater than ∼650 nM of anti-HSA.
Gold nanoparticle Localized surface plasmon resonance Biomolecular sensing Antibody Serum albumin Protein immobilization