, Volume 104, Issue 2, pp 146-152

Valence and correlated basis sets for the first-row transition atoms from Sc to Zn

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Contracted Gaussian-type function sets are developed for the valence 4s and 3d orbitals and for correlated functions of the first-row transition atoms from Sc to Zn. A segmented contraction scheme is used for its compactness and computational efficiency. The contraction coefficients and exponents of the valence and correlated sets are determined by minimizing the differences from weighted averages of accurate atomic natural orbitals for the 4s 23d n −2 and 4s 13d n −1 atomic states. The new basis sets give a well-balanced description for these configurations at the Hartree–Fock level and yield more than 97% of the atomic correlation energies predicted by accurate natural orbitals of the same size. Molecular tests of the present basis functions are performed for the FeCO molecule at complete-active-space self-consistent-field and at single and double excitation configuration interaction levels. The present sets show an accuracy similar to that of the averaged atomic natural orbital sets in spite of 3–5 times shorter computation time in the generation of two-electron integrals.

Received: 8 October 1999 / Accepted: 17 January 2000 / Published online: 19 April 2000