, Volume 130, Issue 4-6, pp 1211-1220
Date: 26 Feb 2011

A Rheumatoid arthritis study using Raman spectroscopy

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Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by chronic inflammation of the joints and can lead to a progressive destruction of articular cartilage and bone. In this study, the specificity and sensitivity of the RA diagnostic methods based on the receiver-operating characteristic curves for monitoring C-reactive protein (CRP) and rheumatoid factor (RF) were compared with the Raman spectroscopic diagnostic method developed in this work. Sera from 24 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and from 16 healthy individuals were analyzed to assess the biochemical composition and presence of inflammatory activity by the aforementioned methods. By comparing with the clinical results for specificity and sensitivity from the RF and CRP tests, we show that the overall results from the newly developed Raman method were significantly better, with a specificity of 96%, a sensitivity of 88%, and correctly identifying 92% of the RA and healthy individuals, while the RF test gave a specificity of 100% and a sensitivity of 54%, and the CRP test gave a specificity of 87% and a sensitivity of 58%, respectively.

Dedicated to Professor Akira Imamura on the occasion of his 77th birthday and published as part of the Imamura Festschrift Issue.