Olanzapine-induced weight gain in the rat: role of 5-HT2C and histamine H1 receptors
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- Cite this article as:
- Kirk, S.L., Glazebrook, J., Grayson, B. et al. Psychopharmacology (2009) 207: 119. doi:10.1007/s00213-009-1639-8
Substantial increases in body weight can be induced by several antipsychotic drugs, most notably olanzapine and clozapine. Antagonism at certain receptors, particularly 5-HT2C and histamine H1 receptors, is implicated in this effect.
Materials and methods
We have investigated the contribution of effects at these receptors to olanzapine-induced weight gain occurring over 5 days following daily intraperitoneal drug injections in groups of eight female rats.
Olanzapine (2 mg/kg) and the 5-HT2C antagonist SB 243213 (1 mg/kg), but not the histamine H1 antagonist mepyramine (1 mg/kg), produced significant increases in percentage body weight above vehicle; olanzapine showed a significantly greater effect than SB 243213. Haloperidol (0.1 mg/kg) alone or with mepyramine had no significant effects on weight gain, while with SB 243213 and with both SB 243213 and mepyramine, it showed olanzapine-like increases in weight.
These results suggest that 5-HT2C receptor antagonism or inverse agonism, in the presence of D2 receptor antagonism, may contribute to olanzapine-induced weight gain.