, Volume 203, Issue 4, pp 753-762
Date: 23 Dec 2008

Running wheel activity is sensitive to acute treatment with selective inhibitors for either serotonin or norepinephrine reuptake

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Abstract

Rationale

Most antidepressants (AD) directly or indirectly enhance the serotonergic tone in the CNS. Since the serotonin system is involved in both, the modulation of mood and motor behavior, it was reasoned that these drugs might also interfere with running wheel activity (RWA), a form of positively motivated motor behavior, which might be linked to pathological states like obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD).

Objectives

We used RWA to characterize ADs from all major classes. Effects on RWA were compared to effects on general locomotor activity (LOC) to control for unspecific effects on general locomotion.

Methods

Two hours before lights-off, mice were treated with either vehicle or one of the following AD: the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) citalopram (3–10 mg/kg), paroxetine (1–10 mg/kg) and fluoxetine (2–6.6 mg/kg), the selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) reboxetine (1–10 mg/kg), the monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors tranylcypromine (1–3 mg/kg) and moclobemide (3–10 mg/kg), and the tricyclic ADs desipramine and imipramine (10–30 mg/kg, each). LOC and RWA were measured after lights-off.

Results

At the highest dose tested, all ADs, with the exception of the MAO inhibitors, significantly reduced RWA. Both tricyclics inhibited RWA only at doses that similarly affected LOC. In contrast, all SSRI and reboxetine inhibited RWA at doses that left LOC unaffected.

Conclusions

SSRI and the SNRI reboxetine inhibit RWA at doses not suppressing LOC. RWA may represent a simple behavioral readout of positively motivated behavior that merits further attention for psychopharmacology.