Procognitive and antipsychotic efficacy of glycine transport 1 inhibitors (GlyT1) in acute and neurodevelopmental models of schizophrenia: latent inhibition studies in the rat
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- Black, M.D., Varty, G.B., Arad, M. et al. Psychopharmacology (2009) 202: 385. doi:10.1007/s00213-008-1289-2
SSR103800 and SSR504734 are novel glycine transport 1 (GlyT1) inhibitors with therapeutic potential for the treatment of schizophrenia.
The present studies investigated the effects of GlyT1 inhibitors in acute pharmacological and neurodevelopmental models of schizophrenia using latent inhibition in the rat; these latent inhibition (LI) models are believed to be predictive for treatments of positive, negative, and cognitive aspects of schizophrenia.
Materials and methods
LI, the poorer conditioning to a previously irrelevant stimulus, was measured in a conditioned emotional response procedure in male rats. The effects of SSR103800 or SSR504734 (both at 1, 3, and 10 mg/kg, i.p.) were determined on amphetamine-induced disrupted LI, MK-801-induced abnormally persistent LI, and neurodevelopmentally induced abnormally persistent LI in adult animals that had been neonatally treated with a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor.
SSR103800 (1 and 3 mg/kg) and SSR504734 (1 and 10 mg/kg) potentiated LI under conditions where LI was not present in nontreated controls and SSR103800 (1 mg/kg) reversed amphetamine-induced disrupted LI while not affecting LI on its own. Additionally, SSR103800 (1 and 3 mg/kg) and SSR504734 (3 and 10 mg/kg) reversed abnormally persistent LI induced by MK-801. In the neurodevelopmental model, SSR504734 (3 and 10 mg/kg) reverted the LI back to control (normal) levels.
These preclinical data, from acute and neurodevelopmental models, suggest that GlyT1 inhibition may exhibit activity in the positive, negative, and cognitive symptom domains of schizophrenia.