Psychopharmacology

, Volume 172, Issue 4, pp 393–399

Fine-tuning risperidone dosage for acutely exacerbated schizophrenia: clinical determinants

Authors

  • Hsien-Yuan Lane
    • Department of PsychiatryChina Medical University and Hospital
  • Yue-Cune Chang
    • Department of MathematicsTamkang University
  • Chih-Chiang Chiu
    • Laboratory of Biological PsychiatryTaipei City Psychiatric Center
  • Sue-Hong Lee
    • Laboratory of Biological PsychiatryTaipei City Psychiatric Center
  • Cher-Yeang Lin
    • Department of PsychiatryChina Medical University and Hospital
    • Department of PsychiatryTzu-Chi University
Original Investigation

DOI: 10.1007/s00213-003-1685-6

Cite this article as:
Lane, H., Chang, Y., Chiu, C. et al. Psychopharmacology (2004) 172: 393. doi:10.1007/s00213-003-1685-6

Abstract

Rationale

Risperidone doses for acute schizophrenia were rather high in most recent studies.

Objectives

We tested a hypothesis that fine-tuning risperidone dosage to relieve side effects still yields efficacy. Clinical factors influencing the dosing were also determined.

Methods

One hundred and forty-six schizophrenia inpatients with acute exacerbation entered a prospective, 6-week, repeated measures study. Risperidone doses were titrated to 6 mg/day (if tolerable) within 7 days, but were lowered thereafter if adverse reactions appeared. Efficacy and safety were measured biweekly.

Results

Forty-eight patients tolerated the 6-mg/day target dose well, while the other 98 received lower final doses (mean±SD=3.4±0.9 mg/day) to curtail adverse effects. At endpoint, 64.3% of the low-dose patients and 43.8% of the high-dose subjects responded to treatment [≥20% reduction in the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) total score] (P=0.018). In detail, the low-dose individuals were significantly superior in percentage changes in the PANSS total and general-subscale scores at endpoint. The low-dose group also tended to improve more (albeit statistically insignificantly) in the PANSS positive and negative subscales and other efficacy measures. Compared to the patients with undifferentiated subtype, those with disorganized subtype received higher dosage by 0.90 mg/day, after controlling for other variables (P=0.008). Paranoid subtype was similar to undifferentiated subtype in drug doses. Patients with longer illness duration also showed a trend to use higher dosage (P=0.078).

Conclusions

These findings suggest that dosage adjustment to diminish side effects does not compromise risperidone response and that disorganized patients and perhaps patients with longer illness duration are prone to receive larger doses.

Keywords

Diagnosis subtype Disorganized subtype Dose Gender Risperidone Chinese

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003