, Volume 123, Issue 4, pp 745-779,
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Iteratively regularized Newton-type methods for general data misfit functionals and applications to Poisson data

Abstract

We study Newton type methods for inverse problems described by nonlinear operator equations $F(u)=g$ in Banach spaces where the Newton equations $F^{\prime }(u_n;u_{n+1}-u_n) = g-F(u_n)$ are regularized variationally using a general data misfit functional and a convex regularization term. This generalizes the well-known iteratively regularized Gauss–Newton method (IRGNM). We prove convergence and convergence rates as the noise level tends to $0$ both for an a priori stopping rule and for a Lepskiĭ-type a posteriori stopping rule. Our analysis includes previous order optimal convergence rate results for the IRGNM as special cases. The main focus of this paper is on inverse problems with Poisson data where the natural data misfit functional is given by the Kullback–Leibler divergence. Two examples of such problems are discussed in detail: an inverse obstacle scattering problem with amplitude data of the far-field pattern and a phase retrieval problem. The performance of the proposed method for these problems is illustrated in numerical examples.