, Volume 360, Issue 3, pp 278-286
Date: 11 Aug 1999

Oral antinociception and oedema inhibition produced by NPC 18884, a non-peptidic bradykinin B2 receptor antagonist

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This study investigates the antinociceptive and the oedema inhibition properties of the novel non-peptide bradykinin (BK) B2 receptor antagonist, NPC 18884. Given by i.p. or p.o. routes NPC 18884 produced graded and long-lasting (at least 2.5 h and 5.0 h, respectively, for i.p. and p.o. administration) inhibition of acetic acid-induced abdominal constrictions in mice, with mean ID50 values of 8.3 nmol/kg and 439.9 nmol/kg. NPC 18884 also inhibited kaolin-induced abdominal constrictions (44±9% and 48±3% of inhibition, for i.p. and p.o. routes, respectively). Given by i.p. or p.o. routes NPC 18884 attenuated both phases of formalin-induced licking, as well as formalin-induced oedema formation. At similar doses NPC 18884 produced significant inhibition of capsaicin-induced nociception. NPC 18884, like HOE 140 given i.p., prevented the nociception caused by BK with mean ID50 values of 0.85 nmol/kg and 0.44 nmol/kg, respectively. Given orally NPC 18884, but not HOE 140, caused graded inhibition of BK-induced nociception (mean ID50 value of 50 nmol/kg).

In rats, NPC 18884 given i.p. prevented BK and carrageenan-induced hyperalgesia (mean ID50 values of 6 nmol/kg and 13 nmol/kg), without affecting the hyperalgesia induced by des-Arg9-bradykinin (DABK) or by prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). NPC 18884 given i.p. inhibited the mouse paw oedema induced by tyrosine8-bradykinin or by carrageenan, but had no effect on DABK-induced oedema in mice pre-treated with Escherichia coli endotoxin, or that induced by PGE2.

Thus, the novel non-peptide BK B2 receptor antagonist NPC 18884 produces rapid onset, potent and relatively long-lasting oral antinociceptive and oedema inhibition properties. The anti-BK actions of NPC 18884 are quite selective towards the BK B2 receptor-mediated responses.

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