Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis

, Volume 196, Issue 2, pp 681–713

Optimal Decay Rate of the Compressible Navier–Stokes–Poisson System in \({\mathbb {R}^3}\)

Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00205-009-0255-4

Cite this article as:
Li, HL., Matsumura, A. & Zhang, G. Arch Rational Mech Anal (2010) 196: 681. doi:10.1007/s00205-009-0255-4

Abstract

The compressible Navier–Stokes–Poisson (NSP) system is considered in \({\mathbb {R}^3}\) in the present paper, and the influences of the electric field of the internal electrostatic potential force governed by the self-consistent Poisson equation on the qualitative behaviors of solutions is analyzed. It is observed that the rotating effect of electric field affects the dispersion of fluids and reduces the time decay rate of solutions. Indeed, we show that the density of the NSP system converges to its equilibrium state at the same L2-rate \({(1+t)^{-\frac {3}{4}}}\) or L-rate (1 + t)−3/2 respectively as the compressible Navier–Stokes system, but the momentum of the NSP system decays at the L2-rate \({(1+t)^{-\frac {1}{4}}}\) or L-rate (1 + t)−1 respectively, which is slower than the L2-rate \({(1+t)^{-\frac {3}{4}}}\) or L-rate (1 + t)−3/2 for compressible Navier–Stokes system [Duan et al., in Math Models Methods Appl Sci 17:737–758, 2007; Liu and Wang, in Comm Math Phys 196:145–173, 1998; Matsumura and Nishida, in J Math Kyoto Univ 20:67–104, 1980] and the L-rate (1 + t)p with \({p \in (1, 3/2)}\) for irrotational Euler–Poisson system [Guo, in Comm Math Phys 195:249–265, 1998]. These convergence rates are shown to be optimal for the compressible NSP system.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hai-Liang Li
    • 1
  • Akitaka Matsumura
    • 2
  • Guojing Zhang
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Mathematics and Institute of Mathematics and Interdisciplinary ScienceCapital Normal UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Graduate School of Information Science and TechnologyOsaka UniversityToyonaka, OsakaJapan
  3. 3.Department of MathematicsHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinPeople’s Republic of China

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