Gross-Pitaevskii Equation as the Mean Field Limit of Weakly Coupled Bosons
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- Elgart, A., Erdős, L., Schlein, B. et al. Arch. Rational Mech. Anal. (2006) 179: 265. doi:10.1007/s00205-005-0388-z
We consider the dynamics of N boson systems interacting through a pair potential N−1Va(xi−xj) where Va(x)=a−3V(x/a). We denote the solution to the N-particle Schrödinger equation by ΨN, t. Recall that the Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) equation is a nonlinear Schrödinger equation and the GP hierarchy is an infinite BBGKY hierarchy of equations so that if ut solves the GP equation, then the family of k-particle density matrices solves the GP hierarchy. Under the assumption that a=N−ɛ for 0<ɛ<3/5, we prove that as N→∞ the limit points of the k-particle density matrices of ΨN, t are solutions of the GP hierarchy with the coupling constant in the nonlinear term of the GP equation given by ∫V(x)dx. The uniqueness of the solutions of this hierarchy remains an open question.