Reduction of diverse electron acceptors by Aeromonas hydrophila
- Cite this article as:
- Knight, V. & Blakemore, R. Arch Microbiol (1998) 169: 239. doi:10.1007/s002030050567
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Aeromonas hydrophila ATCC 7966 grew anaerobically on glycerol with nitrate, fumarate, Fe(III), Co(III), or Se(VI) as the sole terminal electron acceptor, but did not ferment glycerol. Final cell yields were directly proportional to the amount of terminal electron acceptor provided. Twenty-four estuarine mesophilic aeromonads were isolated; all reduced nitrate, Fe(III), or Co(III), and five strains reduced Se(VI). Dissimilatory Fe(III) reduction by A. hydrophila may involve cytochromes. Difference spectra obtained with whole cells showed absorption maxima at wavelengths characteristic of c-type cytochromes (419, 522, and 553 nm). Hydrogen-reduced cytochromes within intact cells were oxidized by the addition of Fe(III) or nitrate. Studies with respiratory inhibitors yielded results consistent with a respiratory chain involving succinate (flavin-containing) dehydrogenase, quinones and cytochromes, and a single Fe(III) reductase. Neither anaerobic respiration nor dissimilatory metal reduction by members of the genus Aeromonas have been reported previously.