, Volume 169, Issue 2, pp 129-135

Physiology and tactic response of the phototrophic consortium “Chlorochromatium aggregatum”

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Abstract

The phototrophic consortium “Chlorochromatium aggregatum” was enriched from sediment samples of a eutrophic freshwater lake and was maintained at high numbers in anoxic sulfide-reduced medium. Growth of intact consortia was observed only in the light and in the presence of 2-oxoglutarate as an organic carbon source. Consortia of “C. aggregatum” reached maximum growth rates at light intensities ≥ 5 μmol quanta m–2 s–1. Of ten compounds tested, sulfide, thiosulfate, 2-oxoglutarate, and citrate served as a chemoattractant for “C. aggregatum”. When incubated in the presence of sulfide and in the light, epibionts reduced the fluorochrome 5-cyano-2,3-di-4-tolyl-tetrazolium chloride (CTC). Reduction of CTC was not observed in the presence of the uncoupler carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP) or in the dark, indicating that sulfide serves as an electron donor for the phototrophic epibiont. Motile consortia accumulated scotophobically in microcuvettes at a wavelength of 740 nm. Since this wavelength corresponds to the position of the absorption maximum of bacteriochlorophylls c or d, the photosynthetic pigments are most likely the photoreceptors of the scotophobic response. It is concluded that, within the consortia, a rapid interspecies signal transfer occurs between the nonmotile, green-colored epibiont and the motile, colorless central bacterium.

Received: 27 May 1997 / Accepted: 5 September 1997