, Volume 94, Issue 1, pp 37-48,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 19 Jun 2011

Detection of electric treeing of solid dielectrics with the method of acoustic emission

Abstract

The paper presents results of research of electrical treeing of solid dielectrics with the method of acoustic emission (AE). The study was performed with an alternating voltage of 50 Hz in the range up to 21 kV (RMS) on methyl polymethacrylate or crosslinked polyethylene samples. They were of cuboidal shape of the dimensions 25 × 10 × 4 mm. One of the cuboid sample walls of the dimensions 25 × 4 mm was covered with a conducting paint. On the opposite wall, a surgical needle of T-25 type was screwed. The distance between the electrodes (the needle and the wall covered with a conducting paint) was in the range 0.5–2.0 mm. Registered signals were denoised with wavelet transformation method and then there were analyzed. The following parameters were analyzed: a sum and rate of acoustic emission counting, a sum and rate of acoustic emission events, RMS value of the electric signal leaving the converter. Spectrum and spectrogram were also analyzed. It was found that AE signals are generated during electrical treeing of solid dielectrics. Values of chosen parameters increased their values when the process begins. There are also some dominant frequencies ranges, different for different kinds of dielectrics, connected with the treeing.