Ziolkowski, M. Electr Eng (2011) 93: 227. doi:10.1007/s00202-011-0208-4
Magnetic field synthesis problems have been discussed at length in scientific literature but they still remain as a topic of research in electrical engineering, physics and medical applications. In these disciplines, there is often a need to design an electromagnetic arrangement which can generate a magnetic field of required distribution. Such an arrangement can also work as an active shield. The aim of an active shield is to generate a specified magnetic field which counteracts the external magnetic fields in a protected region. The idea of active shielding is to construct a suitable arrangement of coils, excited with currents that generate an opposite magnetic field sufficient to cancel out the unwanted external fields. The opposite field must have the same frequency and amplitude as the external field. If the incident field presents a wide bandwidth, the final aim is to generate an opposite field in the same frequency range or at least in a range as large as possible. Two independent methods of magnetic fields synthesis, i.e. iteratively regularized Gauss–Newton method and Genetic Algorithm coupled with Bezier curves-based method, are discussed and compared in this paper.
Magnetic field synthesis Nonlinear inverse problems Iterative methods Genetic algorithms Active shields