Age-Related Bone Mineral Density, Accumulated Bone Loss Rate and Prevalence of Osteoporosis at Multiple Skeletal Sites in Chinese Women
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- Liao, EY., Wu, XP., Deng, XG. et al. Osteoporos Int (2002) 13: 669. doi:10.1007/s001980200091
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We investigated the age-related bone mineral density (BMD), accumulated bone loss rate (ABLR) and the prevalence of osteoporosis at different skeletal sites in Chinese women. BMD was measured at the anteroposterior (AP) spine, supine lateral spine (areal BMD at the midarea [mLat] and the whole region [Lat], volumetric BMD at the middle region [MVD] and total region [TVD]), hip (femoral neck [FN], trochanter [Troc] and Ward’s triangle [Ward’s]) and forearm (radius + ulna ultradistal [RUUD], 1/3 region [RU1/3] and total region [RUT]) using a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) fan-beam bone densitometer (Hologic QDR 4500A) in 2702 females aged from 5 to 96 years old. Data were analyzed by eight different regression models. We found that the cubic regression model was the best for describing age-related changes in BMD. The coefficients of determination (R2) of the fitting curve were 0.398 to 0.612 (p= 0.000). The data were then analyzed by 5-year age groups. This showed that the earliest peak BMD was at the age of 20–24 years at Troc and Ward’s, and the latest at the age of 40–44 years at RU1/3 and RUT of the distal forearm. Compared with BMD, the ABLRs were highest at Ward’s (−66.2%) and the lowest at RU1/3 of the distal forearm (−31.3%) in subjects over 80 years old. The prevalence of osteoporosis at at least one site in these women was 0.5 ± 0.4% in those 30–39, 4.6 ± 4.4% in those 40–49, 23.9 ± 13.3% in those 50–59, 56.3 ± 20.3% in those 60–69, 71.8 ± 16.7% in those 70–79 and 83.2 ± 12.1% those over 80 years of age, respectively. The prevalence of osteoporosis in these women was 8.6–11.1% at the age of 40–49 and 36.5–40.6% at the age of 50–59 at the lateral spine regions (mLat, Lat, MVD and TVD), and 0.5–3.7% at the age of 40–49 and and 3.9–21.7% at the age of 50–59 years at the other skeletal sites (AP, FN, Troc, Ward’s, RUUD, RU1/3 and RUT). Significant differences were found in the prevalence of osteoporosis between the lateral spine regions and other skeletal sites (p<0.001) at the age of 40–59 years. In summary, we demonstrated significant age-related differences in peak BMD, ABLR and osteoporosis prevalence among various skeletal sites. Our data suggest that the supine lateral spine is the most sensitive site for the diagnosis of osteoporosis, especially in the early menopausal period, although the prevalence of osteoporosis varied with age and with different sites measured.