Osteoporosis International

, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 228–232

Factors Associated with Mortality after Hip Fracture

  • H. E. Meyer
  • A. Tverdal
  • J. A. Falch
  • J. I. Pedersen
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s001980050285

Cite this article as:
Meyer, H., Tverdal, A., Falch, J. et al. Osteoporos Int (2000) 11: 228. doi:10.1007/s001980050285

Abstract:

There is a well-known excess mortality subsequent to hip fracture, which is probably restricted to subgroups of hip fracture patients with reduced health status. We studied the association between risk factors and death in 248 hip fracture patients and 248 controls originally enrolled in a population-based case–control study. This cohort was followed for 3 1/2 years with respect to total mortality. A markedly increased mortality was found in hip fracture patients passing a mental status test at a low score [relative risk (RR) = 2.3, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.4-3.7], in hip fracture patients reporting two or more selected chronic diseases (RR = 3.3, 95% CI 1.8–6.1), in hip fracture patients not walking outdoors before the fracture (RR = 3.2, 95% CI 2.0–5.1) and in hip fracture patients in the lower half of handgrip strength distribution (RR = 2.3, 95% CI 1.6–3.4), all compared with the control group. In contrast, hip fracture patients without these risk factors did not have increased mortality compared with the control group. This study suggests that otherwise healthy and fit patients do not have increased mortality subsequent to hip fracture. The excess mortality is restricted to persons with reduced mental status, reduced somatic health and low physical ability. Special attention should be paid to patients with such risk factors in the treatment and rehabilitation period.

Key words:Hip fractures – Mortality – Osteoporosis – Risk factors 
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Copyright information

© International Osteoporosis Foundation and National Osteoporosis Foundation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. E. Meyer
    • 1
  • A. Tverdal
    • 1
  • J. A. Falch
    • 2
  • J. I. Pedersen
    • 3
  1. 1.National Health Screening Service, University of Oslo, Oslo, NorwayNO
  2. 2.Department of Internal Medicine, Aker Hospital, University of Oslo, Oslo, NorwayNO
  3. 3.Institute for Nutrition Research, University of Oslo, Oslo, NorwayNO

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