, Volume 22, Issue 7, pp 2175-2186
Date: 09 Nov 2010

Quantitative proteomic analysis of dexamethasone-induced effects on osteoblast differentiation, proliferation, and apoptosis in MC3T3-E1 cells using SILAC

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Abstract

Summary

The impairment of osteoblast differentiation is one cause of the glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GCOP). The quantitative proteomic analysis of the dexamethasone (DEX)-induced effects of osteoblast differentiation, proliferation, and apoptosis using stable-isotope labeling by amino acids in cell culture (SILAC) demonstrated drastic changes of some key proteins in MC3T3-E1 cells.

Introduction

The impairment of osteoblast differentiation is one of the main explanations of GCOP. SILAC enables accurate quantitative proteomic analysis of protein changes in cells to explore the underlying mechanism of GCOP.

Methods

Osteoprogenitor MC3T3-E1 cells were treated with or without 10−6 M DEX for 7 days, and the differentiation ability, proliferation, and apoptosis of the cells were measured. The protein level changes were analyzed using SILAC and liquid chromatography-coupled tandem mass spectrometry.

Results

In this study, 10−6 M DEX inhibited both osteoblast differentiation and proliferation but induced apoptosis in osteoprogenitor MC3T3-E1 cells on day 7. We found that 10−6 M DEX increased the levels of tubulins (TUBA1A, TUBB2B, and TUBB5), IQGAP1, S100 proteins (S100A11, S100A6, S100A4, and S100A10), myosin proteins (MYH9 and MYH11), and apoptosis and stress proteins, while inhibited the protein levels of ATP synthases (ATP5O, ATP5H, ATP5A1, and ATP5F1), G3BP-1, and Ras-related proteins (Rab-1A, Rab-2A, and Rab-7) in MC3T3-E1 cells.

Conclusions

Several members of the ATP synthases, myosin proteins, small GTPase superfamily, and S100 proteins may participate in functional inhibition of osteoblast progenitor cells by GCs. Such protein expression changes may be of pathological significance in coping with GCOP.

Dun Hong and Hai-Xiao Chen contributed equally to this work.