Osteoporosis International

, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 647–653

Socioeconomic and living conditions are determinants of hip fracture incidence and age occurrence among community-dwelling elderly

  • E. Guilley
  • F. Herrmann
  • C.-H. Rapin
  • P. Hoffmeyer
  • R. Rizzoli
  • T. Chevalley
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00198-010-1287-1

Cite this article as:
Guilley, E., Herrmann, F., Rapin, CH. et al. Osteoporos Int (2011) 22: 647. doi:10.1007/s00198-010-1287-1

Abstract

Summary

In this prospective, 10-year study in community-dwelling elderly aged 50 years and over, hip fracture incidence and accordingly age at hip fracture were inversely associated with the area-level income, independently of the geographical area. Age at hip fracture also depended of marital status but in a gender-specific way.

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of socioeconomic and living conditions on hip fracture incidence and age occurrence among community-dwelling elderly.

Method

Between January 1991 and December 2000, 2,454 hip fractures were recorded in community-dwelling adults aged 50 years and over in the Geneva University Hospital, State of Geneva, Switzerland. Median annual household income by postal code of residence (referred to as area-level income) based on the 1990 Census was used as a measure of socioeconomic condition and was stratified into tertiles (<53,170; 53,170–58,678; and ≥58,678 CHF). Hip fracture incidence and age occurrence were calculated according to area-level income categories and adjusted for confounding factors among community-dwelling elderly.

Results

Independently of the geographical area (urban versus rural), community-dwelling persons residing in areas with the medium income category presented a lower hip fracture incidence [OR 0.91 (0.82–0.99), p = 0.049] compared to those from the lowest income category. Those in the highest income category had a hip fracture at a significant older age [+1.58 (0.55–2.61) year, p = 0.003] as compared to those in the lowest income category. Age at hip fracture also depended on marital status but in a gender-specific way, with married women fracturing earlier.

Conclusions

These results indicate that incidence and age occurrence of hip fracture are influenced by area-level income and living conditions among community-dwelling elderly. Prevention programs may be encouraged in priority in communities with low income.

Keywords

Age occurrence Area-level income Hip fracture Incidence Marital status Urban–rural area 

Copyright information

© International Osteoporosis Foundation and National Osteoporosis Foundation 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Guilley
    • 1
  • F. Herrmann
    • 2
  • C.-H. Rapin
    • 1
  • P. Hoffmeyer
    • 3
  • R. Rizzoli
    • 2
  • T. Chevalley
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Centre for Interdisciplinary GerontologyUniversity of GenevaGenevaSwitzerland
  2. 2.Service of Bone Diseases, Department of Rehabilitation and GeriatricsUniversity Hospitals of GenevaGenevaSwitzerland
  3. 3.Service of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of SurgeryUniversity Hospitals of GenevaGenevaSwitzerland
  4. 4.Division of Bone Diseases, Department of Rehabilitation and GeriatricsGeneva University Hospitals and Faculty of MedicineGeneva 14Switzerland