A single dose of zoledronic acid reverses the deleterious effects of glucocorticoids on titanium implant osseointegration
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- Carvas, J.S.B., Pereira, R.M.R., Caparbo, V.F. et al. Osteoporos Int (2010) 21: 1723. doi:10.1007/s00198-009-1125-5
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This study evaluates the effect of zoledronic acid (ZOL) on the osseointegration of titanium implants in rabbits with glucocorticoid (GC)-induced bone loss, and our findings demonstrated that a single dose of ZOL is able to reverse the detrimental effects of GCs on the osseointegration of titanium implants.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of ZOL on the osseointegration of titanium implants in rabbits with GC-induced bone loss.
Three groups of six NZW rabbits were treated for 18 weeks with saline (SALINE), GC (methylprednisolone, 0.35 mg/kg three times a week), or GC + ZOL (methylprednisolone + single dose of ZOL, 0.1 mg/kg). The animals received a titanium implant in the left tibia after 6 weeks and were killed at the 18th week. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at baseline, eighth week (W8), and 18th week (W18) after treatment to determine the change upon treatment (∆BMD). Histomorphometric and serum bone alkaline phosphatase analysis (BAP) were also performed.
At W8, GC group had a significant reduction in lumbar spine and tibia BMD compared with SALINE (p = 0.003 and p = 0.000), as also observed for GC + ZOL group (p = 0.014 and p = 0.003) just 2 weeks after ZOL treatment. In contrast, at W18, the GC + ZOL had an evident BMD rescue with similar lumbar spine and tibia ∆BMD compared with SALINE (0.043 ± 0.006 vs. 0.055 ± 0.009 g/cm2, p = 0.457 and 0.027 ± 0.003 vs. 0.041 ± 0.011 g/cm2, p = 0.232) and a significantly higher ∆BMD compared with the GC (p = 0.024 and p = 0.001). Histomorphometry revealed that osseointegration was significantly reduced in GC (tibia cortical thickness and diameter, bone-implant contact, total and peri-implant bone area) whereas GC + ZOL had these parameters similar to SALINE (p > 0.05). Likewise, ZOL reversed the BAP alteration induced by GC.
Our findings demonstrated that a single dose of ZOL is able to reverse the detrimental effects of glucocorticoids on the osseointegration of titanium implants, suggesting that ZOL therapy may improve the outcome of bone implants in patients with glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis.