, Volume 21, Issue 8, pp 1323-1330

Hip fractures in Italy: 2000–2005 extension study

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Abstract

Summary

A total of 507,671 people ≥65 experienced hip fractures between 2000 and 2005. In 2005, 94,471 people ≥65 were hospitalized due to hip fractures, corresponding to a 28.5% increase over 6 years. Most fractures occurred in patients ≥75 (82.9%; n = 420,890; +16% across 6 years), particularly in women (78.2%; n = 396,967).

Introduction

We aimed to analyze incidence and costs of hip fractures in Italy over the last 6 years.

Methods

We analyzed the national hospitalization and DRG databases concerning fractures occurred in people ≥65 between 2000 and 2005.

Results

A total of 507,671 people ≥65 experienced hip fractures across 6 years, resulting in about 120,000 deaths. In year 2005 94,471 people aged ≥65 were hospitalized due to hip fractures, corresponding to a 28.5% increase over 6 years. The majority of hip fractures occurred in patients ≥75 (82.9%; n = 420,890; +16% across 6 years) and particularly in women (78.2%; n = 396,967). Among women, 84.2% of fractures (n = 334,223; +28.0% over 6 years) were experienced by patients ≥75, which is known to be the age group with the highest prevalence of osteoporosis, accounting for 68.6% of the overall observed increase in the total number of fractures. Hip fractures in men ≥75 increased by 33.1% (up to 16,540). Hospitalization costs increased across the six examined years (+36.1%) reaching 467 million euros in 2005, while rehabilitation costs rose up to 531 million in the same year.

Conclusions

Hip fractures of the elderly are increasing and represent a major health problem in industrialized countries such as Italy.