Preventative effect of exercise against falls in the elderly: a randomized controlled trial
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The present study was conducted to determine the effect of 5-month exercise program on the prevention of falls in the elderly. The exercise training, which consisted of calisthenics, body balance training, muscle power training, and walking ability training 3 days/week improved the indices of the flexibility, body balance, muscle power, and walking ability and reduced the incidence of falls compared with non-exercise controls. The present study showed the beneficial effect of the exercise program aimed at improving flexibility, body balance, muscle power, and walking ability in preventing falls in the elderly.
The present study was conducted to determine the effect of exercise on the prevention of falls in the elderly.
Sixty-eight elderly ambulatory volunteers were randomly divided into two groups: the exercise and control groups. The daily exercise, which consisted of calisthenics, body balance training (tandem standing, tandem gait, and unipedal standing), muscle power training (chair-rising training), and walking ability training (stepping), were performed 3 days/week only in the exercise group. No exercise was performed in the control group.
After the 5-month exercise program, the indices of the flexibility, body balance, muscle power, and walking ability significantly improved in the exercise group compared with the control group. The incidence of falls was significantly lower in the exercise group than in the control group (0.0% vs. 12.1%, P = 0.0363). The exercise program was safe and well tolerated in the elderly.
The present study showed the beneficial effect of the exercise program aimed at improving flexibility, body balance, muscle power, and walking ability in preventing falls in the elderly.
- Runge M, Rehfeld G, Resnicek E (2001) Balance training and exercise in geriatric patients. J Musculoskel Neuronal Interact 1:61–65
- Asmussen E (1980) Aging and exercise. Environ Physiol 3:419–428
- Runge M, Hunter G (2006) Determinants of musculoskeletal frailty and the risk of falls in old age. J Musculoskel Neuronal Interact 6:167–173
- Frost HM (1997) Defining osteopenias and osteoporosis: another view (with insights from a new paradigm). Bone 20:385–191 CrossRef
- Schiessl H, Frost HM, Jee WSS (1998) Estrogen and bone-muscle strength and mass relationship. Bone 22:1–6 CrossRef
- Gardner MM, Robertson MC, Campbell AJ (2000) Exercise in preventing falls and fall related injuries in older people: a review of randomized controlled trials. Br J Sports Med 34:7–17 CrossRef
- Gillespie LD, Gillespie WJ, Robertson MC, Lamb SE, Cumming RG, Rowe BH (2001) Interventions for preventing falls in elderly people. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 3: CD000340
- Lane JM, Nydick M (1999) Osteoporosis: current modes of prevention and treatment. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 7:19–31
- Wolf SL, Barnhart HX, Kutner NG, McNeely E, Coogler C, Xu T (1996) Reducing frailty and falls in older persons: an investigation of Tai Chi and computerized balance training. J Am Geriatr Soc 44:489–497
- Podsiadlo D, Richardson S (1991) The timed “up & go:” A test of basic functional mobility for frail elderly persons. J Am Geriatr Soc 39:142–148
- Allen SH (1994) Exercise considerations for postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Arthritis Care Res 7:205–214 CrossRef
- Feskanich D, Willett W, Colditz G (2002) Walking and leisure-time activity and risk of hip fracture in postmenopausal women. JAMA 288:2300–2306 CrossRef
- Hoshino K, Beppu M, Ishii S, Masuda T, Hibino Y, Oyake Y, Aoki H, Sudou K, Iida Y (2002) The gait analysis of the elderly at the fall prevention exercise class. J Physical Medicine 13:113–117 (in Japanese)
- Preventative effect of exercise against falls in the elderly: a randomized controlled trial
Volume 20, Issue 7 , pp 1233-1240
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Body balance
- Muscle power
- Walking ability
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Sports Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 160-8582, Japan
- 2. Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Keiyu Orthopaedic Hospital, Gunma, Japan
- 3. Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kawakita General Hospital, Suginami-ku, Tokyo, Japan
- 4. Kei Medical Clinic, Nakano-ku, Tokyo, Japan
- 5. Kumakubo Orthopaedic Clinic, Nakano-ku, Tokyo, Japan
- 6. Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tokyo Adventist Hospital, Suginami-ku, Tokyo, Japan
- 7. Miyazaki Orthopaedic Clinic, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo, Japan
- 8. Department of Neurology, Mitate Hospital, Tagawa, Fukuoka, Japan