The International Society for Clinical Densitometry (ISCD) conducts Position Development Conferences (PDCs) for the purpose of establishing standards and guidelines in the field of bone densitometry. Topics for consideration are selected according to clinical relevance, a perceived need for standardization, and the likelihood of achieving agreement. Questions regarding nomenclature, indications, acquisition, analysis, quality control, interpretation, and reporting of bone density tests for each topic area are assigned to task forces for a comprehensive review of the scientific literature. The findings of the review and recommendations are then presented to an international panel of experts at the PDC. The expert panel votes on potential Official Positions for appropriateness, necessity, quality of the evidence, strength of the recommendation, and applicability (worldwide or variable according to local requirements). Recommendations that are approved by the ISCD Board of Directors become Official Positions. The first Pediatric PDC was 20–21 June 2007 in Montreal, QC, Canada. The most recent Adult PDC was held 20–22 July 2007, in Lansdowne, VA, USA. This Special Report summarizes the methodology of the ISCD PDCs and presents selected Official Positions of general interest.