Osteoporosis International

, Volume 20, Issue 2, pp 239–244

Vitamin D status and response to treatment in post-menopausal osteoporosis

  • S. Adami
  • S. Giannini
  • G. Bianchi
  • L. Sinigaglia
  • O. Di Munno
  • C. E. Fiore
  • S. Minisola
  • M. Rossini
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00198-008-0650-y

Cite this article as:
Adami, S., Giannini, S., Bianchi, G. et al. Osteoporos Int (2009) 20: 239. doi:10.1007/s00198-008-0650-y

Abstract

Summary

Treatment with anti-resorptive agents over 13 months was associated with for three to fivefold lower bone mineral density changes and 1.5-fold increased risk of incidence fracture in vitamin D insufficient as compared to vitamin D repleted postmenopausal osteoporotic women.

Introduction

Several drugs were registered for the treatment of osteoporosis on the basis of clinical trials in which vitamin D repletion was a pre-requisite inclusion criteria and vitamin D supplements were used as adjunctive therapy. However, in routine clinical practice these supplements are not consistently recommended.

Methods

We studied 1515 women with postmenopausal osteoporosis under treatment with anti-resorbing agents (alendronate, risedronate, raloxifene) for 13.1 months with an adherence > 75%. The patients were classified as vitamin D deficient (N = 514) or vitamin D repleted (N = 1001) according to risk factors (N = 1062) or the level of 25(OH) vitamin D [25(OH)D] above or below 50 nmol/l (N = 453).

Results

Vitamin D deficient and vitamin D repleted subjects differed significantly for annualized spine and hip bone mineral density (BMD) changes adjusted for all available confounding factors (type of treatment, age, global calcium intake, baseline BMD values). One hundred fifty one patients suffered from a new incident clinical fracture. The adjusted odds ratio for incident fractures in vitamin D deficient as compared to vitamin D repleted women was 1.77 (1.20 – 2.59, 95% CI; p = 0.004).

Conclusions

Optimal vitamin D repletion seems to be necessary to maximize the response to anti-resorbers in terms of both BMD changes and anti-fracture efficacy.

Keywords

AlendronateBMD changesFracture riskOsteoporosis treatmentRisedronateVitamin D deficiency

Copyright information

© International Osteoporosis Foundation and National Osteoporosis Foundation 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Adami
    • 1
  • S. Giannini
    • 2
  • G. Bianchi
    • 3
  • L. Sinigaglia
    • 4
  • O. Di Munno
    • 5
  • C. E. Fiore
    • 6
  • S. Minisola
    • 7
  • M. Rossini
    • 1
  1. 1.Rheumatology UnitOspedale di ValeggioVeronaItaly
  2. 2.Internal MedicineUniversity of PaduaPaduaItaly
  3. 3.Rheumatology Unit, ASL3GenoaItaly
  4. 4.Rheumatology UnitOspedale G PiniMilanItaly
  5. 5.Rheumatology UnitUniversity of PisaPisaItaly
  6. 6.Internal MedicineUniversity of CataniaCataniaItaly
  7. 7.Internal MedicineUniversity of RomeRomeItaly