Randomized, active-controlled study of once-weekly alendronate 280 mg high dose oral buffered solution for treatment of Paget’s disease
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- Hooper, M., Faustino, A., Reid, I.R. et al. Osteoporos Int (2009) 20: 141. doi:10.1007/s00198-008-0639-6
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Daily oral tablet bisphosphonate therapy for Paget’s disease of bone may cause serious upper gastrointestinal adverse events. A once-weekly alendronate 280 mg oral buffered solution was compared with an alendronate 40 mg/day tablet. While both were similarly effective, the tablet appeared to be better tolerated in this study.
Although daily doses of oral bisphosphonates are a generally safe and effective treatment for Paget’s disease of bone (PDB), some patients may experience upper gastrointestinal adverse events (UGI AEs) or find the dosing requirements inconvenient and become noncompliant. A once-weekly (OW) oral dose of bisphosphonate in buffered solution (OBS) may be as effective, better tolerated, and more convenient.
Sixty-three patients were randomized to either alendronate (ALN) 280 mg OW OBS (n = 42) or an ALN 40 mg/day tablet (n = 21) during a 6-month, randomized, double-blind, active-controlled trial. The primary endpoint was the mean percent decrease in total serum alkaline phosphatase (total ALP) from baseline at 6 months.
There were no significant differences in total ALP between groups during the 6-month period. There was a higher incidence of clinical AEs in the ALN 280 mg OW OBS (79%) vs. the ALN 40 mg/day tablet group (67%), including drug related AEs (48% and 10%, respectively), which led to study discontinuation (19.0% and 10%, respectively).
Although ALN 280 mg OW OBS was similarly effective as ALN 40 mg/day in reducing total ALP in patients with PDB, the ALN 40 mg/day tablet appears to be better tolerated than ALN 280 mg OW OBS.