Osteoporosis International

, Volume 16, Issue 12, pp 2046–2052

The human cost of fracture

  • Julie A. Pasco
  • Kerrie M. Sanders
  • Frouckje M. Hoekstra
  • Margaret J. Henry
  • Geoffrey C. Nicholson
  • Mark A. Kotowicz
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00198-005-1997-y

Cite this article as:
Pasco, J.A., Sanders, K.M., Hoekstra, F.M. et al. Osteoporos Int (2005) 16: 2046. doi:10.1007/s00198-005-1997-y

Abstract

In this population-based, observational study, we document the personal burden of fracture and utilization of community and health services for women during the 12-month period following a fracture. Participants were 598 women (aged 35–92 years) with incident fracture in the years 1994–1996 who were enrolled in the Geelong Osteoporosis Study. Almost all hip fracture cases and 27% of nonhip fracture cases were hospitalized. Homes were modified in 14% of cases, and 32% of the women purchased or hired equipment to assist with activities of daily living. Three-quarters of women with hip, pelvis, or lower limb fractures were confined to the home, had to walk with a walking aid, or could walk only short distances for several weeks. After a year, nearly one-half had not regained prefracture mobility. One-seventh of women with upper-limb fractures did not venture outside the home for at least 6 weeks. Nearly half of all fracture cases needed help with personal care and housework during the first 6 weeks. After 6 months, 3.4% of all patients and 19.6% of hip, 12.8% of humeral, and 4.7% of spine fracture patients required assistance with bathing and showering. After a year, more than half of the hip fracture cases remained restricted regarding housework, gardening, and transport. These findings have important implications for rehabilitation therapy. A fracture, regardless of site, had a major impact on a woman’s lifestyle and well-being. Most women were restricted in their activities of daily living and suffered loss of confidence and independence. Short-term morbidity was common for all fractures, with varying degrees of prolonged morbidity often extending to at least a year postfracture.

Keywords

FractureHealth servicesHome modificationsMobilityMorbidityWomen

Copyright information

© International Osteoporosis Foundation and National Osteoporosis Foundation 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julie A. Pasco
    • 1
  • Kerrie M. Sanders
    • 1
  • Frouckje M. Hoekstra
    • 1
  • Margaret J. Henry
    • 1
  • Geoffrey C. Nicholson
    • 1
  • Mark A. Kotowicz
    • 1
  1. 1.University of MelbourneDepartment of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences: Barwon HealthGeelongAustralia