, Volume 16, Issue 5, pp 517-525
Date: 20 Aug 2004

Significance of Bio-intact PTH(1–84) assay in hemodialysis patients

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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to examine whether the newly developed bio-intact parathyroid hormone (Bio-PTH) assay, which exclusively measures the intact PTH(1–84) molecule, provides a better assay for estimating parathyroid function in hemodialysis (HD) patients, and to evaluate the factors associated with serum PTH levels measured by Bio-PTH assay and by second-generation intact PTH (I-PTH) assay. The study also examined whether Bio-PTH/I-PTH ratio, an index of the active fraction of PTH, could provide information not obtainable from simple PTH results. Serum levels of PTH were measured in 177 male HD patients, together with the bone formation markers bone alkaline phosphatase (BAP), intact osteocalcin (iOC), N-midfragment osteocalcin (N-Mid OC), and N-terminal propeptide of type I collagen (PINP), and the bone resorption markers deoxypyridinoline (DPD), pyridinoline (PYD), and β-CrossLaps (β-CTx). Bone mineral density (BMD) was determined twice at distal radius one-third by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Serum Bio-PTH was significantly elevated in HD patients compared to normal controls. Serum Bio-PTH and I-PTH correlated significantly in a positive manner with serum bone formation markers (BAP, iOC, N-Mid OC, PINP), and resorption markers (DPD, PYD, β-CTx), and in a negative manner with BMD and annual change therein at distal radius one-third. The degree of correlation of Bio-PTH was not significantly different from that of I-PTH. The Bio-PTH/I-PTH ratio was significantly lower in HD patients than in normal individuals, due probably to accumulation of N-truncated PTH fragments in the former. The Bio-PTH/I-PTH ratio correlated significantly in a negative manner with serum calcium (Ca) (r=−0.251, P<0.001) and nutritional marker serum urea nitrogen, protein catabolic rate and serum creatinine. Multiple regression analysis further revealed that serum I-PTH, but not Bio-PTH, was significantly associated with each of these nutritional markers, and that the Bio-PTH/I-PTH ratio was negatively associated with serum Ca. It was also found that I-PTH, but not Bio-PTH, was influenced by nutritional state. It is concluded that serum Bio-PTH assay could be of similar value to I-PTH assay in evaluating parathyroid function in HD patients and that their combined use in the form of the Bio-PTH/I-PTH ratio could provide information not obtainable from simple PTH results.