Shock Waves

, Volume 9, Issue 5, pp 333–339

Visualization of a confined accelerated bubble

  • F.K. Lu
  • X. Zhang
Original article

DOI: 10.1007/s001930050194

Cite this article as:
Lu, F. & Zhang, X. Shock Waves (1999) 9: 333. doi:10.1007/s001930050194


High-speed photography was used to study the collapse of a confined two-dimensional, air cavity in water, subjected to a propagating pressure disturbance. The 5–6 mm diameter cavity was confined in a rectangular duct. A sustained pressure disturbance was created by an accelerating piston in contact with the water 240 mm away from the bubble. The pressure increased from 0.1 MPa to about 0.12 MPa with a rise time of the order of 2 ms. The pressure pulse was not reflected until its arrival at the end of the duct, 320 mm from the piston. A microjet was produced at the proximal wall which penetrated the distal cavity wall, thereby producing a pair of bubbles which was thought to be regions of intense vorticity. The features of such confined bubble collapse were not found in previous investigations of unconfined bubble accelerations by weak pressure disturbances. Confinement apparently intensified the effect of the disturbance significantly.

Key words:Bubble, Cavitation 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • F.K. Lu
    • 1
  • X. Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Aerodynamics Research Center, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019-0018, USA (e-mail: US

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