, Volume 15, Issue 3-4, pp 267-275
Date: 14 Jun 2006

Shock Hugoniot for Biological Materials

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This paper presents shock Hugoniot compression data for several bio-related materials by using flat plate impact experiments. Shock pressure covered in this study ranges at least up to 1 GPa. It is emphasized here that spatial and temporal uniformity of pressure distribution behind a shock wave front is very important and it can be realized in these materials by the impact method, and their precise shock propagation characteristics have been obtained by the application of the procedure developed previously by our group. Hugoniot measurements for different and systematic data for various samples are compared with shock Hugoniot curve for water. Samples used in the experiment include water gel of gelatin, NaCl aqueous solution, and finally chicken breast meat. Several samples with different initial density were used for gelatin and NaCl solution. Shock Hugoniot function for all the specimens tested can be summarized as

u s =A+B u p , B ~ 2

Value of the intercept of the relationship, A, which has the meaning of the sound velocity, is apparently dependent on the material and ambient temperature. Physical meanings of the obtained results have been discussed.