Original article

Shock Waves

, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 73-82

First online:

Multiple pulsed hypersonic liquid diesel fuel jetsdriven by projectile impact

  • K. PianthongAffiliated withDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Ubon Ratchathani University Email author 
  • , K. TakayamaAffiliated withInterdisciplinary Shock Wave Research Center, Institute of Fluid Science, Tohoku University
  • , B. E. MiltonAffiliated withSchool of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, The University of New South Wales
  • , M. BehniaAffiliated withSchool of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, The University of New South Wales

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Further studies on high-speed liquid diesel fuel jets injected into ambient air conditions have been carried out. Projectile impact has been used as the driving mechanism. A vertical two-stage light gas gun was used as a launcher to provide the high-speed impact. This paper describes the experimental technique and visualization methods that provided a rapid series of jet images in the one shot. A high-speed video camera (106 fps) and shadowgraph optical system were used to obtain visualization. Very interesting and unique phenomena have been discovered and confirmed in this study. These are that multiple high frequency jet pulses are generated within the duration of a single shot impact. The associated multiple jet shock waves have been clearly captured. This characteristic consistently occurs with the smaller conical angle, straight cone nozzles but not with those with a very wide cone angle or curved nozzle profile. An instantaneous jet tip velocity of 2680 m/s (Mach number of 7.86) was the maximum obtained with the 40\(^\circ\) nozzle. However, this jet tip velocity can only be sustained for a few microseconds as attenuation is very rapid.


multiple pulsed jet hypersonic diesel fuel jets jet shock wave