, Volume 23, Issue 4, pp 487-493
Date: 06 Dec 2011

Medium-term clinical outcomes following surgical repair for vaginal prolapse with tension-free mesh and vaginal support device

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Abstract

Introduction and hypothesis

This study was designed to evaluate clinical outcomes ≥2 years following surgery with polypropylene mesh and vaginal support device (VSD) in women with vaginal prolapse, in a prospective, multi-center setting.

Methods

Patients re-consented for this extended follow-up (n = 110), with anatomic evaluation using Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) and validated questionnaires to assess pelvic symptoms and sexual function. Complications were recorded (safety set; n = 121).

Results

Median length of follow-up was 29 months (range 24–34 months). The primary anatomic success, defined as POP-Q 0–I, was 69.1%; however, in 84.5% of the cases, the leading vaginal edge was above the hymen. Pelvic symptoms and sexual function improved significantly from baseline (p < 0.01). Mesh exposure rate was 9.1%. Five percent reported stress urinary incontinence and 3.3% required further prolapse surgery.

Conclusion

These results indicate this non-anchored mesh repair is a safe and effective treatment for women with symptomatic vaginal prolapse in the medium term.