International Urogynecology Journal

, Volume 22, Issue 10, pp 1255–1265

Risk factors for urinary tract infection following incontinence surgery

  • Ingrid Nygaard
  • Linda Brubaker
  • Toby C. Chai
  • Alayne D. Markland
  • Shawn A. Menefee
  • Larry Sirls
  • Gary Sutkin
  • Phillipe Zimmern
  • Amy Arisco
  • Liyuan Huang
  • Sharon Tennstedt
  • Anne Stoddard
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00192-011-1429-9

Cite this article as:
Nygaard, I., Brubaker, L., Chai, T.C. et al. Int Urogynecol J (2011) 22: 1255. doi:10.1007/s00192-011-1429-9
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Abstract

Introduction and hypothesis

The purpose of this study is to describe risk factors for post-operative urinary tract infection (UTI) the first year after stress urinary incontinence surgery.

Methods

Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed on data from 1,252 women randomized in two surgical trials, Stress Incontinence Surgical Treatment Efficacy trial (SISTEr) and Trial Of Mid-Urethral Slings (TOMUS).

Results

Baseline recurrent UTI (rUTI; ≥3 in 12 months) increased the risk of UTI in the first 6 weeks in both study populations, as did sling procedure and self-catheterization in SISTEr, and bladder perforation in TOMUS. Baseline rUTI, UTI in the first 6 weeks, and PVR > 100 cc at 12 months were independent risk factors for UTI between 6 weeks and 12 months in the SISTEr population. Few (2.3–2.4%) had post-operative rUTI, precluding multivariable analysis. In women with pre-operative rUTI, successful surgery (negative cough stress test) at 1 year did not appear to decrease the risk of persistent rUTI.

Conclusions

Pre-operative rUTI is the strongest risk factor for post-operative UTI.

Keywords

Urinary tract infectionStress urinary incontinence surgeryRecurrent urinary tract infectionRisk factors

Copyright information

© The International Urogynecological Association 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ingrid Nygaard
    • 1
    • 11
  • Linda Brubaker
    • 2
  • Toby C. Chai
    • 3
  • Alayne D. Markland
    • 4
  • Shawn A. Menefee
    • 5
  • Larry Sirls
    • 6
  • Gary Sutkin
    • 7
  • Phillipe Zimmern
    • 8
  • Amy Arisco
    • 9
  • Liyuan Huang
    • 10
  • Sharon Tennstedt
    • 10
  • Anne Stoddard
    • 10
  1. 1.Department of OB/GYNUniversity UtahSalt Lake CityUSA
  2. 2.Departments of OB/GYN and UrologyLoyolaChicagoUSA
  3. 3.Division of UrologyUniversity of Maryland BaltimoreBaltimoreUSA
  4. 4.Department of Medicine, Division of Geriatrics, Gerontology, and Palliative CareUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA
  5. 5.Department of OB/GYNKaiser Permenente San DiegoSan DiegoUSA
  6. 6.Department of UrologyWilliam Beaumont HospitalRoyal OakUSA
  7. 7.Department of OB/GYNMagee Women’s HospitalPittsburghUSA
  8. 8.Department of UrologyUniversity Texas SouthwesternDallasUSA
  9. 9.Department of UrologyUniversity of Texas San AntonioSan AntonioUSA
  10. 10.New England Research InstitutesWatertownUSA
  11. 11.University of Utah School of MedicineSalt Lake CityUSA