, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 209-216,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

One-year follow-up after sacrospinous hysteropexy and vaginal hysterectomy for uterine descent: a randomized study

Abstract

Introduction and hypothesis

In a retrospective study, the sacrospinous hysteropexy was associated with a shorter recovery time compared to a vaginal hysterectomy with no differences in anatomical outcomes. No randomized trials are performed.

Methods

Sixty-six women with stage 2–4 uterine descent were randomized for vaginal hysterectomy(31) or sacrospinous hysteropexy(35). Recovery time, anatomical outcomes, functional outcomes, and quality of life were measured.

Results

Length of time to return to work was shorter after a sacrospinous hysteropexy (43 versus 66 days, p = 0.02). The difference in risk for recurrent prolapse stage 2 or more of the apical compartment at 1-year follow-up was 17% (95% confidence interval, 2 to 30) in favor of the vaginal hysterectomy. No differences in quality of life and urogenital symptoms were found.

Conclusions

The sacrospinous hysteropexy for uterine descent is associated with an earlier recovery time, more recurrent apical prolapses but no differences in functional outcomes, and quality of life.