International Urogynecology Journal

, Volume 20, Issue 12, pp 1423–1429

Is lysyl oxidase-like protein-1, alpha-1 antitrypsin, and neutrophil elastase site specific in pelvic organ prolapse?

Authors

  • Weng Chi Man
    • Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyStanford University School of Medicine
  • Jason Yen-Ping Ho
    • Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyStanford University School of Medicine
  • Yan Wen
    • Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyStanford University School of Medicine
  • Eric R. Sokol
    • Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyStanford University School of Medicine
  • Mary L. Polan
    • Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyStanford University School of Medicine
    • Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyStanford University School of Medicine
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00192-009-0905-y

Cite this article as:
Man, W.C., Ho, J.Y., Wen, Y. et al. Int Urogynecol J (2009) 20: 1423. doi:10.1007/s00192-009-0905-y

Abstract

Introduction and hypothesis

We investigated whether the expression of alpha-1 antitrypsin (ATT), neutrophil elastase (NE), and lysyl oxidase-like protein 1 (LOXL-1) vary within the vagina in subjects with pelvic organ prolapse (POP).

Methods

Biopsies were obtained from the anterior and posterior vaginal wall of 22 women with POP (≥stage 2 by POP-Q). The subjects were grouped by the most prominent defect: cystocele, cystocele plus uterine prolapse, and rectocele. Comparative real-time PCR, Western blotting, and NE enzyme activity assay were performed.

Results

The ratio of anterior and posterior vaginal wall ATT, NE, and LOXL-1 expression varied between individuals within the same defect group.

Conclusions

ATT, NE, and LOXl-1 expression was variable among different biopsy sites in the vagina. No consistent pattern was present when the subjects were grouped by the most prominent defect. We recommend careful consideration of biopsy sites in future studies on POP to enhance reproducibility of data.

Keywords

Pelvic organ prolapseLysyl oxidase-like protein 1Neutrophil elastaseAlpha-1 antitrypsin

Copyright information

© The International Urogynecological Association 2009