International Urogynecology Journal

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 73–78

Risk factors for painful bladder syndrome in women seeking gynecologic care

Authors

    • Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyUniversity of Iowa Carver College of Medicine
  • Catherine S. Bradley
    • Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyUniversity of Iowa Carver College of Medicine
  • Rudolph P. Galask
    • Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyUniversity of Iowa Carver College of Medicine
  • Ingrid E. Nygaard
    • Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyUniversity of Iowa Carver College of Medicine
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00192-005-1348-8

Cite this article as:
Kennedy, C.M., Bradley, C.S., Galask, R.P. et al. Int Urogynecol J (2006) 17: 73. doi:10.1007/s00192-005-1348-8

Abstract

The aim of this cross-sectional study was to report risk factors for painful bladder syndrome in women. We surveyed 645 women presenting for care to general gynecology clinics and a vulvar specialty clinic using a standardized questionnaire and validated outcome measures. We used two definitions for painful bladder syndrome, based on the O‘Leary–Sant interstitial cystitis symptom and problem indices. Of those women surveyed, 29.5% met broader criteria and 8.5% met more restrictive criteria for painful bladder syndrome. After adjusting for confounders, bladder pain was significantly associated with current smoking, irritable bowel syndrome, and a generalized pain disorder. Tobacco use, the only modifiable association noted on multivariate analysis, has not been previously identified to our knowledge.

Keywords

Painful bladder syndrome Interstitial cystitis Irritable bowel syndrome Tobacco use Questionnaire

Abbreviations

ICSI

Interstitial cystitis symptom index

ICPI

Interstitial cystitis problem index

UDI-6

Short form urinary distress inventory

BMI

Body mass index

NIDDK

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Copyright information

© International Urogynecology Journal 2005