International Urogynecology Journal

, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 160–164

A study of quality of life in primigravidae with urinary incontinence

  • Lucia M. Dolan
  • Deirdre Walsh
  • Shona Hamilton
  • Kaye Marshall
  • Kate Thompson
  • Robin G. Ashe
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00192-004-1128-x

Cite this article as:
Dolan, L.M., Walsh, D., Hamilton, S. et al. Int Urogynecol J (2004) 15: 160. doi:10.1007/s00192-004-1128-x

Abstract

This study aimed to establish the prevalence and effect of urinary incontinence on quality of life during pregnancy and after parturition. A prospective cohort of primigravidae was recruited. The Kings Health Questionnaire (KHQ) was self-administered antenatally (34 weeks to term) and postnatally (3 months after delivery). Four hundred ninety-two primigravidae were recruited. The prevalence of urinary incontinence was reported as: pre-pregnancy 3.5% (17/492), antenatal 35.6% (175/492), 3–5 days postpartum 13.7% (51/370) and 3 months postnatal 13.0% (47/362). Most women with urinary incontinence experienced an impact on quality of life antenatally (54.3%) and postnatally (71.1%), although those experiencing an impact usually reported it as ‘a little’ (75.8 and 87.5%). There was a higher prevalence of urinary incontinence after forceps delivery (p<0.05) but not of greater impairment in quality of life (p>0.05). Personal and general health deteriorated postnatally (p<0.05). During pregnancy most women with urinary incontinence experience minimal impact on quality of life. Postnatally, other causes of morbidity may contribute to worsening of general and personal health.

Keywords

Pregnancy Prevalence Quality of life Urinary incontinence 

Copyright information

© International Urogynecological Association 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lucia M. Dolan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Deirdre Walsh
    • 3
  • Shona Hamilton
    • 2
  • Kaye Marshall
    • 3
  • Kate Thompson
    • 3
  • Robin G. Ashe
    • 2
  1. 1.Urogynaecology Subspecialty TraineeDirectorate of Women’s Services, Royal Victoria InfirmaryNewcastle upon TyneUK
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and GynaecologyAntrim Area HospitalNorthern Ireland
  3. 3.Department of Rehabilitation SciencesUniversity of UlsterNorthern Ireland

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